You can use the Apache httpd Web server to handle delivery of static content and facilitation of socket connections, neither of which is done efficiently through Tomcat alone, especially under heavy traffic or when accepting connections from the Internet.
- Install Apache 2.2.x -- with SSL support -- through your operating system's preferred installation method. For most people, this will be through a package manager. It's also perfectly valid to download and install the reference implementation from http://www.apache.org. It is possible to use Apache 1.3, but you will have to modify the instructions on your own from this point onward.
- If it has started as a consequence of installing, stop the Apache server or service.
- Retrieve or create your SSL keys. If you do not know how to generate self-signed certificates, refer to the OpenSSL documentation. Most production environments have SSL certificates issued by a certificate authority such as Thawte or Verisign.
- Check to see if you already have the Tomcat Connector installed on your system. You can generally accomplish this by searching your filesystem for mod_jk, though you can also search your http.conf file for mod_jk. If it is present, then you only need to be concerned with the Apache httpd configuration details and can skip this step. If it is not there, then the Tomcat Connector module needs to be installed. If you are using Linux or BSD, use your package manager or the Ports system to install mod_jk. For all other platforms, visit the http://www.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-connectors/jk/binaries/, then click on the directory for your operating system. The module will be either an .so (for Linux, BSD, OS X, and Solaris) or .dll (for Windows) file. Save it to your Apache modules directory, which is generally C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Apache2\modules\ on Windows, and /usr/lib/apache2/modules/ on Unix-like operating systems, though this can vary depending on your Apache configuration.
- Edit your httpd.conf file with a text editor and add the following text to the end of the file, modifying the paths and filenames as instructed in the comments:
Some operating systems use modular httpd configuration files and have unique methods of including each separate piece into one central file. Ensure that you are not accidentally interfering with an auto-generated mod_jk configuration before you continue. In many cases, some of the configuration example below will have to be cut out (such as the LoadModule statement). In some cases (such as with Ubuntu Linux), httpd.conf may be completely empty, in which case you should still be able to add the below lines to it. Replace example.com with your hostname or domain name.
# Load mod_jk module # Update this path to match your mod_jk location; Windows users should change the .so to .dll LoadModule jk_module /usr/lib/apache/modules/mod_jk.so # Where to find workers.properties # Update this path to match your conf directory location JkWorkersFile /etc/httpd/conf/workers.properties # Should mod_jk send SSL information to Tomcat (default is On) JkExtractSSL On # What is the indicator for SSL (default is HTTPS) JkHTTPSIndicator HTTPS # What is the indicator for SSL session (default is SSL_SESSION_ID) JkSESSIONIndicator SSL_SESSION_ID # What is the indicator for client SSL cipher suit (default is SSL_CIPHER) JkCIPHERIndicator SSL_CIPHER # What is the indicator for the client SSL certificated (default is SSL_CLIENT_CERT) JkCERTSIndicator SSL_CLIENT_CERT # Where to put jk shared memory # Update this path to match your local state directory or logs directory JkShmFile /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.shm # Where to put jk logs # Update this path to match your logs directory location (put mod_jk.log next to access_log) JkLogFile /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.log # Set the jk log level [debug/error/info] JkLogLevel info # Select the timestamp log format JkLogStampFormat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y] " # Send everything for context /examples to worker named worker1 (ajp13) # JkOptions indicates to send SSK KEY SIZE JkOptions +ForwardKeySize +ForwardURICompat -ForwardDirectories # JkRequestLogFormat JkRequestLogFormat "%w %V %T" # Mount your applications JkMount /pentaho/* tomcat_pentaho # Add shared memory. # This directive is present with 1.2.10 and # later versions of mod_jk, and is needed for # for load balancing to work properly JkShmFile logs/jk.shm <VirtualHost example.com ServerName example.com JkMount /pentaho default JkMount /pentaho/* default JkMount /sw-style default JkMount /sw-style/* default JkMount /pentaho-style default JkMount /pentaho-style/* default </VirtualHost>
- In your Apache configuration, ensure that SSL is enabled by uncommenting or adding and modifying the following lines:
LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
- Save and close the file, then edit /conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf and properly define the locations for your SSL certificate and key:
SSLCertificateFile "conf/ssl/mycert.cert" SSLCertificateKeyFile "conf/ssl/mycert.key"
- Ensure that your SSL engine options contain these entries:
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars +ExportCertData
- Add these lines to the end of the VirtualHost section:
JkMount /pentaho default JkMount /pentaho/* default JkMount /sw-style default JkMount /sw-style/* default JkMount /pentaho-style default JkMount /pentaho-style/* default
- Save and close the file, then create a workers.properties file in your Apache conf directory. If it already exists, merge it with the example configuration in the next step.
- Copy the following text into the new workers.properties file, changing the location of Tomcat and Java, and the port numbers and IP addresses to match your configuration:
Remove the workers.tomcat_home setting if you are using JBoss.
workers.tomcat_home=/home/pentaho/pentaho/server/pentaho-server/tomcat/ workers.java_home=/home/pentaho/pentaho/java/ worker.list=tomcat_pentaho worker.tomcat_pentaho.type=ajp13
Apache httpd is now configured to securely and efficiently handle static content for Tomcat. You should now start Tomcat and httpd, then navigate to your domain name or hostname and verify that you can access the Pentaho Web application.